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Mexican Earthquake Reveals Secret Temple in an Aztec Period Pyramid

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The 7.1-magnitude earthquake which hit Mexico in September 2017 took lots of of lives and brought on appreciable injury. On the Teopanzolco pyramid archaeological website, two temples have been hit notably exhausting. However because the foundations have been shaken to their very heart, an interesting discover was additionally made – a beforehand unknown temple was revealed. Nevertheless considerations for the primary construction’s security means the temple won’t see the sunshine of day for very lengthy.

BBC Information experiences that the invention of the hidden temple was made when Mexico’s Nationwide Institute of Anthropology and Historical past (INAH) have been checking the Teopanzolco pyramid for structural injury. It’s on the very coronary heart of the Pyramid of Tlaloc, a constructing created to honor the Aztec rain god . The temple would have measured 6 meters by four meters (20 ft. by 13 ft.)

The Aztec temple would have measured 6 meters by four meters (20 ft. by 13 ft.). ( Melitón Tapia/INAH )

The Teopanzolco website is situated in Cuernavaca in Morelos state, 70 km (43 miles) south of Mexico Metropolis. In keeping with Televisa.information Teopanzolco was rediscovered about 100 years in the past and it is among the two oldest temples within the zone and it supplied inspiration for the Templo Mayor .

Architectural traits, the placement, and the ceramic supplies discovered inside enabled the archaeologists so far the temple to roughly 1150 AD. Meaning the temple was most likely constructed by members of the Tlahuica tradition, a gaggle of Aztec (Mexica) individuals who lived in central Mexico at the moment. Barbara Koniecza, an archaeologist from the INAH Morelos Middle, mentioned “it was common for the Tlahuica to construct on high of older buildings.”

Nonetheless, Isabel Campos, an INAH director in Morelos, mentioned the invention of the temple was a shock, “There was no information, till now, of the existence of a substructure throughout the pyramidal construction. What we discovered might correspond to Teopanzolco’s oldest temple.”

INAH’s Georgina Yris Bravo informed Televisa.information that the situations should not nice for the not too long ago found temple. Humidity has taken away the paint, no choices have been discovered, and any artifacts which have been discovered are in items. Whereas not a lot to take a look at, the fragments are nonetheless helpful for carbon courting. Nonetheless, one fascinating object which scientists are analyzing is a attainable incense burner that was discovered within the temple.

Examining the walls of the newly found Aztec era temple. (Melitón Tapia/INAH)

Analyzing the partitions of the newly discovered Aztec period temple. ( Melitón Tapia/INAH )

Though it supplied them with a glimpse on the temple, for which the INAH are grateful, Koniecza mentioned that the earthquake additionally brought on extreme injury Teopanzolco, particularly to 2 temples. “The pyramid suffered appreciable rearrangement of the core of its construction,” she mentioned .

Nevertheless, the worst injury was on the high of the pyramid, the place two temples have been already recognized to exist – one devoted to the Mesoamerican god of the solar and warfare, Huitzilopochtli, and one other to Tlaloc. Koniecza mentioned, “The ground of each shrines sank and bent, which additionally put their stability in peril.”

The worst damage is at the top of the pyramid. (Melitón Tapia/INAH)

The worst injury is on the high of the pyramid. ( Melitón Tapia/INAH )

As a result of the temple was discovered on the coronary heart of the delicate pyramid, it can’t stay open. Isabel Campos, an INAH delegate in Morelos, informed Televisa, “It must be lined as a result of it’s the base and sustains the construction. The entire data must be taken after which it must be strengthened and closed up so we will hold the present construction.”

The INAH has already begun work to shut the guts of the pyramid.

Because the temple was found at the heart of the fragile Aztec pyramid, it cannot remain open. (Melitón Tapia/INAH)

As a result of the temple was discovered on the coronary heart of the delicate Aztec pyramid, it can’t stay open. ( Melitón Tapia/INAH )

There are seven recognized archaeological websites in Morelos and two of them are presently with restricted admission as a result of earthquake final September: Teopanzolco is closed whereas conservation work is underway, Xochicalco is partially closed, and the opposite 5 are open to tourism.

High Picture: The temple was found when archaeologists have been analyzing the injury in Teopanzolco pyramid.  Supply: ( Nationwide Institute of Anthropology and Historical past (INAH)

By Alicia McDermott

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