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MacKenzie Bezos and the Delusion of the Lone Genius Founder


When award-winning novelist MacKenzie Bezos and her husband Jeff Bezos, the chief government and founding father of Amazon, introduced on Twitter Wednesday they had been getting divorced, public dialogue over the uncoupling shortly centered on the affect it might need on Jeff’s firm, and on every sides’ web value. Had been he and his spouse to separate their estimated $136 billion fortune equally, information articles speculated that MacKenzie may change into the “richest girl on the earth,” far wealthier than even individuals like Elon Musk.

TMZ experiences that the couple didn’t have a prenup. Washington, the place they reside, is a neighborhood property state, which means that every one property and money owed acquired in the course of the 25-year marriage may very well be equally cut up if the Bezoses can’t negotiate an settlement. Amazon, for the report, is 24 years outdated. However occupied with the divorce as a possibility for MacKenzie to change into the richest girl on the earth is a wierd method of describing her state of affairs, as Bloomberg factors out. She is already the richest girl on the earth, as a result of she’s half of the richest couple on Earth.

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This week has been stuffed with tales with headlines likeHow a lot may MacKenzie Bezos get in a divorce?” speculating on what’s going to occur to “his wealth.” (Punctuated by the occasional outcry that any human being may stand to obtain greater than $60 billion in any respect.) What was usually lacking, or glossed over, is the truth that MacKenzie helped her husband begin his historic firm, beginning by agreeing to depart their life and transfer throughout the nation from New York Metropolis to Seattle, the place Amazon was based. It’s additionally a part of a wider sample of how the tales of tech firms get instructed, which erases the numerous people who assist to construct them in favor of highlighting the “lone genius” on the helm. Lots of the individuals who fade to the background have been girls.

“Each traditionally and at this time, it takes much more ‘proof’ for a lady to assert competence, significance, and intelligence—one thing we see powerfully performed out on the nationwide political stage day-after-day, from Hillary Clinton to Alexandria Ocasio Cortez,” says Marie Hicks, a know-how historian and the writer of Programmed Inequality: How Britain Discarded Ladies Technologists and Misplaced Its Edge In Computing. “It seeps into how we discuss girls related to tech on an on a regular basis foundation, whether or not it is at work, in school, on-line, or within the media.”

Empires like Amazon and Apple will not be created by a single man in a vacuum; they’re the product of a mixture of luck and contributions from a whole group—together with from a founder’s partner.

MacKenzie met Jeff after she graduated from Princeton in 1992 and took a job on the comparatively new hedge fund D. E. Shaw, the place Bezos already labored. In 1993 they married, and by 1994 they had been driving to Washington, with MacKenzie reportedly on the wheel of the automobile. The couple was abandoning a rich existence on Manhattan’s Higher West Aspect, in line with Brad Stone, the writer of the 2013 e book The Every part Retailer: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon. “They gave up a very snug life-style and profitable careers to maneuver throughout the nation and begin one thing on the web,” says Stone. “The one motive [Jeff] was ready to do this is as a result of he had a particularly supportive partner. It was an unbelievable danger and one which they each took on collectively.”

In a 2010 graduation speech he gave at Princeton, Jeff himself acknowledged the gamble his spouse had taken. “I instructed my spouse MacKenzie that I needed to stop my job and go do that loopy factor that in all probability wouldn’t work since most startups don’t, and I wasn’t certain what would occur after that,” he mentioned. “MacKenzie … instructed me I ought to go for it.” (Amazon didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.)

In Bellevue, the Seattle suburb the place Jeff rented a storage to be the location of Amazon’s first headquarters, MacKenzie helped get the corporate off the bottom. Whereas researching his e book, Stone interviewed early workers who he says recalled how MacKenzie wrote checks and assisted in conserving monitor of the books. A WIRED profile of Jeff from 1999 famous that she helped negotiate the retail large’s first freight contracts. As the corporate grew larger and employed extra workers, MacKenzie performed much less of a task in Amazon’s day-to-day operations, although she continued to help Jeff at firm occasions. She wrote two novels, The Testing of Luther Albright, which gained the American Guide Award in 2006, and Traps, which was printed in 2013.

Except for a profile in Vogue printed virtually 5 years in the past, MacKenzie, as effectively the 4 Bezos kids, has maintained a low public profile. One noteworthy exception happened in 2013, after Stone’s e book got here out. MacKenzie personally left a one-star evaluate on its Amazon web page, disputing the e book’s accuracy. She additionally emphasised her personal position on the firm: “I labored for Jeff at D. E. Shaw, I used to be there when he wrote the marketing strategy, and I labored with him and lots of others represented within the transformed storage, the basement warehouse closet, the barbecue-scented workplaces, the Christmas-rush distribution facilities, and the door-desk stuffed convention rooms within the early years of Amazon’s historical past. Jeff and I’ve been married for 20 years.”

MacKenzie and different early Amazon workers, in fact, aren’t the one contributors to the corporate’s—and Jeff’s—success. Amazon has benefited from different elements, like years of efficiently avoiding amassing state gross sales taxes, undercutting opponents’ costs. The corporate additionally relied on exterior improvements just like the the web, developed partially by authorities researchers. This in fact is hardly distinctive to Amazon. Elon Musk and his firm Tesla may not be a lot with out the billions of {dollars} they’ve obtained in authorities grants. Steve Jobs’ iPhone was made doable by researchers who spent many years creating touchscreen know-how, starting within the 1940s.

Admittedly, MacKenzie’s position within the historical past of Amazon is probably not as essential because the existence of the World Huge Net. Then once more, it’s laborious to say for certain. Would e-commerce look any totally different at this time if she had refused to maneuver out to Seattle and be a part of an web startup? Numerous selections contribute to the success or failure of an organization, some huge, some small—and virtually by no means by only one particular person. It’s not at all times apparent which selections tip the dimensions someway. The lone genius fantasy has been largely debunked, however it may be all too straightforward to fall again into the acquainted rhythms of Silicon Valley’s favourite narrative gadgets. Even, or perhaps particularly, when gossiping in regards to the juicy particulars of a high-profile divorce. Loads of individuals facilitate the creation of firms like Amazon and the immense wealth that they generate, from inventors to workers to policymakers to taxpayers to spouses. Possibly it’s time to speak extra about what all these contributions are literally value.

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