When American Suffragists Tried to ‘Put on the Pants’
Though Stanton had “handed a most bitter expertise within the brief gown,” her good friend Susan B. Anthony was nonetheless decided to attempt it out. On February 16, 1854, Anthony wore her bloomers round Albany. On the finish of the day, she complained: “I’ve . . . been within the streets and printing workplaces all of the day lengthy; had impolite, vulgar males stare me out of countenance, and heard them say as I opened the doorways, ‘There comes my Bloomer!’ Oh, hated title!” As Stanton instructed Lucy Stone, one other suffragist who had tried, then given up the bloomer: “We put the gown on for better freedom, however what’s bodily freedom in contrast with psychological bondage? By all means have the brand new gown made lengthy.” Anthony agreed, although her expertise within the bloomer had taught her a precious lesson: “that ladies can by no means compete efficiently with males within the numerous industrial avocations, in lengthy skirts. Nobody is aware of their bondage save the few of us who’ve recognized the liberty of brief skirts.”
Miller, too, ultimately deserted the bloomer. Her father was elected to Congress in 1852, and her bloomer costume allowed her to navigate the filthy streets of Washington, D.C., in cleanliness and luxury, and “to hold my infants up and down stairs with excellent ease and security.” However whereas “the gown regarded tolerably nicely in standing and strolling,” when seated, “a extra awkward, uncouth impact, might hardly be … imagined,” she admitted. Ultimately, she had her skirts “lengthened a number of inches and the trousers deserted,” although she continued to eschew corsets, lengthy trains, bustles, excessive heels, and chokers.
By 1859, even the bloomer’s namesake had lastly forsaken it. “Within the minds of some folks, the brief gown and girl’s [sic] rights had been inseparably linked,” Bloomer wrote in 1895. “With us, the gown was however an incident, and we weren’t prepared to sacrifice better inquiries to it.” The bloomer’s demise was half of a bigger style reckoning as gown reformers got here to imagine that their stunning sartorial experiments had been unhelpful distractions from extra urgent points. In 1865, the Nationwide Gown Reform Affiliation truly disbanded amid considerations that adverse consideration on gown reform was holding again different causes its members held expensive. Going ahead, American suffragists largely strove to adapt to style relatively than upending it, rebranding themselves as respectable ladies as a substitute of radicals. As an alternative of inviting unflattering comparisons to males, suffragists now strove to look as female—and, thus, as innocent—as doable.
Whereas Amelia Bloomer’s title grew to become a punchline, Susan B. Anthony could be remembered for a a lot completely different style assertion: a demure purple scarf, one instance of which survives within the Smithsonian. When the Nationwide American Girl Suffrage Affiliation conference met in Washington in 1898—the 30th anniversary of the occasion—media protection targeted on Anthony’s trademark scarf. “It’s silk crepe of beautiful fineness, with lengthy, heavy knotted fringe,” the Night Star reported. “For full thirty years Miss Anthony’s purple scarf has been the oriflamme of suffrage battle. She wears it with the grace of a Spanish belle.”